Executive function ability in persons with aphasia
Executive function ability in persons with aphasia. Aphasiology, 16(4-6), 2002, pages 549-557.
Background: There is an increasing recognition that the communication problems one observes in persons with aphasia extend beyond verbal deficits and that the myriad of symptoms observed are not solely due to a faulty linguistic system. Rather, there exists a coalition of causal elements resulting in a wide range of communicative deficits. There is some preliminary evidence suggesting that communicative success of clients with aphasia may depend on the integrity of executive function skills. Executive functions are called into play when an individual is involved in a complex, novel activity. They allow us to plan, sequence, organise, and monitor goal-directed activities in a flexible manner as demanded by situational and environmental changes. When linguistic skills are impaired, individuals need to rely on other cognitive skills in order to communicate.
Aims: The purpose of this study was to explore executive functioning ability in persons with aphasia.
Methods & Procedures: A total of 15 individuals with aphasia and 12 healthy control subjects participated in this study. Three dimensions of performance were examined (accuracy, speed, and efficiency) in the context of neuropsychological tests designed to examine cognitive flexibility and goal-directed planning (Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Porteus Maze Test, Tower of London, and Tower of Hanoi).
Outcomes & Results: Results indicated that the two groups performed with similar levels of accuracy on two of the four tests. However, significant differences were found on all speed and efficiency variables, suggesting decreased executive functioning skills in the group of individuals with aphasia.
Conclusions: It is important to consider executive functioning ability in clients with aphasia and attempt to determine the influence of executive function skill on communicative performance. Understanding the cognitive abilities as well as the linguistic abilities of these clients may ultimately help clinicians determine which patients are better candidates for intervention as well as which treatment approaches would be most efficient and beneficial.
|EPrint Type:||Journal (Paginated)|
|Conference:||Clinical Aphasiology Conference: Clinical Aphasiology Conference (2001 : 31st : Santa Fe, NM : May 29-June 2, 2001)|
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis|
|Alternative Locations:||http://www.metapress.com/link.asp?id=n64hyvrh96494k7n, http://www.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&issn=0268-7038&volume=16&issue=4&spage=549, http://www.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&id=doi:10.1080/02687030244000176|
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