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The impact of graphic contextual information and instruction on the conversational behaviours of a person with severe aphasia

Garrett, Kathryn L. and Huth, Christine
The impact of graphic contextual information and instruction on the conversational behaviours of a person with severe aphasia. Aphasiology, 16(4-6), 2002, pages 523-536.

Abstract

Backgrounds: Individuals with severe expressive aphasia often have difficulty sharing adequate amounts of specific information to sustain topical conversations. Aims: This single subject experiment investigated whether graphic representations of topics increased conversational duration, number of information exchanges, proportion of participant initiations, and percentage of successful communication exchanges during dyadic conversations involving a communicator with severe, nonfluent aphasia (SD). Methods & Procedures: SD conversed with two partners about personal and current events in "no treatment" and "graphic topic-setter" conditions. He also participated in an additional "instruction" condition with Partner 2. Conversations were videotaped, transcribed, and coded for the dependent variables. Results were averaged by condition, graphed, and analysed for statistical significance using randomisation testing. Outcomes & Results: Despite variability in conversational parameters across sessions, mean data from each condition revealed that graphic topic setters increased the average duration of interactions and mean number of communication exchanges per topic across both partners. Proportion of initiations increased significantly with graphic context for Partner I but not Partner 2; this effect was more pronounced for current event topics than personal events. Information transmission was significantly more successful when graphic context was present with both partners, but differences were more noticeable with Partner 1. Conclusions: Participants appeared better able to co-construct conversations when graphic topic setters were available to supplement the natural communication signals of a communicator with severe aphasia. Clinical implementation issues are discussed.

EPrint Type:Journal (Paginated)
Keywords:SUPPORTED CONVERSATION; ADULTS; RESOURCES; PARTNERS
Subjects:UNSPECIFIED
ID Code:1204
Conference:Clinical Aphasiology Conference: Clinical Aphasiology Conference (2001 : 31st : Santa Fe, NM : May 29-June 2, 2001)
Conference Date:May 29-June 2, 2001
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
Publication:Aphasiology
Volume:16
Number:4-6
Pages:523-536
Publication Location:London
ISSN:1464-5041
Alternative Locations:http://taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&issn=0268-7038&volume=16&issue=4&spage=523, http://taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&id=doi:10.1080/02687030244000149
Additional Information:Access to Full Text is subject to the Publisher's access restrictions