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Revised inference processing as a measure of the working memory-processing relationship

Wright, Heather Harris and Newhoff, Marilyn
Revised inference processing as a measure of the working memory-processing relationship. Aphasiology, 15(10-11), 2001, pages 1069-1077.

Abstract

Processing and resource allocation models have been used in cognitive psychology and aphasiology in an attempt to investigate and explain the possible relationships among working memory and normal/disordered language-processing abilities. The interest of the present study was to determine potential benefits of employing revised inferences as the linguistic stimuli to explore these relationships further. Before application can be made to individuals with brain damage, however, results from neurologically intact individuals are needed. Therefore, we asked 30 individuals without neurological symptoms to participate in a cross-modal lexical priming study designed to measure revised inference-processing abilities, and a listening span task devised by Tompkins, Bloise, Timko, and Baumgaertner (1994) was used to measure working memory ability. Participants demonstrated priming effects for contextually appropriate target words in the two lexical decision positions housed within the revised inferences. These findings are discussed with respect to models of processing and resource allocation. Implications and applications to studies of the brain-damaged population are also considered.

EPrint Type:Journal (Paginated)
Keywords:INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES; LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION; TIME-COURSE; DISCOURSE; APHASIA; ADULTS; CAPACITY; AGE
Subjects:UNSPECIFIED
ID Code:1191
Conference:Clinical Aphasiology Conference: Clinical Aphasiology Conference (2000 : 30th : Waikoloa Beach, HI : May 2000)
Conference Date:May 2000
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
Publication:Aphasiology
Volume:15
Number:10-11
Pages:1069-1077
Publication Location:London
ISSN:1464-5041
Alternative Locations:http://taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&issn=0268-7038&volume=15&issue=10&spage=1069, http://taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&id=doi:10.1080/02687040143000401
Additional Information:Access to Full Text is subject to the Publisher's access restrictions