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Comparison of language impairment, functional communication, and discourse measures in African-American aphasic and normal adults

Ulatowska, Hanna K. and Olness, Gloria S. and Wertz, Robert T. and Thompson, Jennifer L. and Keebler, Molly W. and Hill, Casaundra L. and Auther, Linda L.
Comparison of language impairment, functional communication, and discourse measures in African-American aphasic and normal adults. Aphasiology, 15(10-11), 2001, pages 1007-1016.

Abstract

We compared performance on language impairment, functional communication, and discourse measures between 33 African- American aphasic patients and 30 African-American normal subjects. The aphasic group performed significantly lower than the normal group on the Western Aphasia Battery Aphasia and Cortical Quotients, Token Test, and ASHA Functional Assessment of Communication Skills for Adults. Moreover, the aphasic group performed significantly lower than the normal group in their quality of language on a discourse task that required telling a frightening experience. Significant relationships between performance on the measures were confined to those that index language impairment. Use of a normal ethnic cohort for comparison with African-American aphasic performance may control for potential ethnic bias in the measures. In addition, use of a discourse task permits observation of grammatical and stylistic features in African-American English that may not be captured or are ignored by traditional language impairment and functional communication measures.

EPrint Type:Journal (Paginated)
Subjects:UNSPECIFIED
ID Code:1186
Conference:Clinical Aphasiology Conference: Clinical Aphasiology Conference (2000 : 30th : Waikoloa Beach, HI : May 2000)
Conference Date:May 2000
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
Publication:Aphasiology
Volume:15
Number:10-11
Pages:1007-1016
Publication Location:London
ISSN:1464-5041
Alternative Locations:http://taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&issn=0268-7038&volume=15&issue=10&spage=1007, http://taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&id=doi:10.1080/02687040143000357
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