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Relationships between impairment-level assessments and functional-level assessments in aphasia: Findings from LCC treatment programmes

Aftonomos, Lefkos B. and Steele, Richard D. and Appelbaum, James S. and Harris, Veronica M.
Relationships between impairment-level assessments and functional-level assessments in aphasia: Findings from LCC treatment programmes. Aphasiology, 15(10-11), 2001, pages 951-964.

Abstract

We report an outcome study of persons with aphasia participating in community-based treatment programmes. Patients (n=50) were assessed before and after treatment using: (i) a standardised test of impairment, the Western Aphasia Battery, administered by treating clinicians; and (ii) a standardised assessment of disability (functional communication), the Communicative Effectiveness Index, rated by family members. Pretreatment and posttreatment means are calculated and compared, with matched t-tests utilised to probe statistical significance of improvements after treatment. We then calculate impairment- and functional-level means by aphasia diagnostic categories, assigning rank orders and calculating Spearman rank-order correlations. Data analysis shows that, before treatment, patients spanned a wide range of times after onset, aphasia diagnostic types, and severity levels at start of care. Following treatment, means of the 50 patients improved significantly on every measure administered at both the impairment and the functional levels. Absolute improvements ranged from 6.5% to 26.2%, with statistical significance ranging from p<.01 to p<<.0001. Before treatment, there is strong positive correlation (<rho> = +.90) between impairment- level and functional-level assessment means by diagnostic categories; after treatment, improvement means by these diagnostic categories show moderate negative correlation (rho = -.60). Further examination shows that post-treatment improvements are found to be best viewed as functions of same- type severity levels pretreatment, with patterns of improvement at the impairment and functional levels diverging distinctly.

EPrint Type:Journal (Paginated)
Keywords:OUTCOMES; METAANALYSIS; TECHNOLOGY; RECOVERY; EFFICACY; PATIENT
Subjects:UNSPECIFIED
ID Code:1182
Conference:Clinical Aphasiology Conference: Clinical Aphasiology Conference (2000 : 30th : Waikoloa Beach, HI : May 2000)
Conference Date:May 2000
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
Publication:Aphasiology
Volume:15
Number:10-11
Pages:951-964
Publication Location:London
ISSN:1464-5041
Alternative Locations:http://taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&issn=0268-7038&volume=15&issue=10&spage=951, http://taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&id=doi:10.1080/02687040143000311
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