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The macrostructure of the interview: Are traumatic brain injury interactions structured differently to control interactions?

Togher, Leanne and Hand, Linda
The macrostructure of the interview: Are traumatic brain injury interactions structured differently to control interactions?. Aphasiology, 13(9-11), 1999, pages 709-723.

Abstract

Previous descriptions of discourse deficits following traumatic brain injury (TBI) at a macrostructural level have used analyses such as cohesion and story structure. This paper proposes a macrolinguistic analysis called generic structure potential analysis (GSP) (Ventola 1979) which describes the overall structuring of the unfolding process of two types of interviews. Seven TBI subjects are compared with matched control subjects across two conditions: a community education information-giving encounter to two 16 year old school students and an information requesting interaction with the researcher. The possible GSP elements of these types of encounters include greeting, identification, approaches which enable interactants to establish interpersonal links, centring which directly relate to the purpose of the interviews, leave-taking and goodbye. The GSP of student interactions was similar for TBI and control subjects but differences were noted in the researcher condition. The value of placing TBI subjects in information giving roles and the importance of the communication partner's contributions to the interaction is highlighted. GSP analysis allows the clinician/researcher to analyse the interview context by taking the contextual configuration into account. It map provide a valuable clinical tool in the assessment and treatment of discourse deficits which commonly follow TBI.

EPrint Type:Journal (Paginated)
Keywords:HEAD-INJURY; DISCOURSE; POPULATION; ADULTS
Subjects:UNSPECIFIED
ID Code:1147
Conference:Clinical Aphasiology Conference: Clinical Aphasiology Conference (1998 : 28th : Asheville, NC : June 1998)
Conference Date:June 1998
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
Publication:Aphasiology
Volume:13
Number:9-11
Pages:709-723
Publication Location:London
ISSN:1464-5041
Alternative Locations:http://taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&issn=0268-7038&volume=13&issue=9&spage=709, http://taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&id=doi:10.1080/026870399401821
Additional Information:Access to Full Text is subject to the Publisher's access restrictions