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Effect of Generating a Semantic Prime: The Impact of Age and Cognitive Impairment

Hasselkus, Amy and Rubin, Scott S. and Newhoff, Marilyn
Effect of Generating a Semantic Prime: The Impact of Age and Cognitive Impairment. American Journal of Speech Language Pathology, 4(4), November, 1995, pages 148-151.

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Semantic priming studies, and studies of the generation effect (GE), have provided evidence to support either a structural or functional breakdown of semantic memory in dementia. To determine whether the act of generating an item enhanced its activation in semantic memory, young, elderly, and demented subjects participated in a semantic priming/generation effect paradigm. Response times were recorded for semantically related and unrelated targets presented after either read or generated word pair cues. Results suggested that generating information held little benefit for young or demented subjects in the related condition, although elderly subjects benefited more from generating information than from reading it. Results and implications or theories of dementia and its treatment will be discussed.

EPrint Type:Journal (Paginated)
ID Code:290
Conference:Clinical Aphasiology Conference: Clinical Aphasiology Conference (1995 : 25th : Sunriver, OR : June 1995)
Publisher:American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
Publication:American Journal of Speech Language Pathology
Publication Location:Rockville, Md.
Additional Information:Copyright by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Used with permission.