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The Communicative Informativeness and Efficiency of Connected Discourse by Adults with Aphasia Under Structured and Conversational Sampling Conditions

Doyle, Patrick J. and Goda, Amy J. and Spencer, Krisite A.
The Communicative Informativeness and Efficiency of Connected Discourse by Adults with Aphasia Under Structured and Conversational Sampling Conditions. American Journal of Speech Language Pathology, 4(4), November, 1995, pages 130-134.

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Abstract

Measuring communicative informativeness under conversational discourse conditions is perhaps the most valid means of determining the interpersonal verbal communication abilities of aphasic adults. Nevertheless, the data derived from such analyses are expensive to collect and subject to unknown sources of variablity. In this study, samples of connected discourse were obtained from 20 aphasic subjects under narrative and conversational sampling conditions to determine the extent to which they were related on measures of communicative informativeness. Results revealed that subjects produced significantly greater percentages of informative words [i.e., correct information units (Nicholas & Brookshire, 1993b)] under conversational discourse conditions, but that the percentage of correct information units produced during narrative discourse tasks could be used to predict performance under conversational conditions with a high degree of accuracy.

EPrint Type:Journal (Paginated)
Subjects:UNSPECIFIED
ID Code:285
Conference:Clinical Aphasiology Conference: Clinical Aphasiology Conference (1995 : 25th : Sunriver, OR : June 1995)
Publisher:American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
Publication:American Journal of Speech Language Pathology
Volume:4
Number:4
Pages:130-134
Publication Location:Rockville, Md.
ISSN:1058-0360
Additional Information:Copyright by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Used with permission.