Aphasia in African-Americans and Caucasians: Severity, improvement, and rate of improvement

Wertz, R. T. and Auther, L. L. and Ross, K. B. (1997) Aphasia in African-Americans and Caucasians: Severity, improvement, and rate of improvement. [Journal (Paginated)]

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Abstract

We compared initial severity, amount of improvement, and rate of improvement of aphasia in African-Americans and Caucasians. Study patients were aphasic subsequent to a first, left hemisphere, thromboembolic infarct, and all were entered in a 44-week treatment trial designed to provide 6-8 h of treatment each week between 4 and 48 weeks post-onset. There was no significant difference between African-Americans and Caucasians in severity of aphasia on the Porch Index of Communicative Ability, a word fluency measure, or the Token Test prior to the initiation of treatment at 4 weeks post-onset. At 48 weeks post-onset, African-Americans performed significantly lower on the Porch Index of Communicative Ability Gestural and Graphic modality scores. Both African-American and Caucasian aphasic patients displayed significant improvement in aphasia during the 44-week treatment trial, and there were no significant differences between groups in the amount or rate of improvement. Thus, our samples of African-American and Caucasian aphasic patients displayed essentially the same initial severity, amount of improvement, and rate of improvement of aphasia during the first year post-onset.

Item Type: Journal (Paginated)
Additional Information: Copyright by Taylor & Francis Ltd. Used with permission.
Uncontrolled Keywords: STROKE; SURVIVAL
Depositing User: Demetrios Ioannides
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2003
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2016 12:53
Conference: Clinical Aphasiology Conference > Clinical Aphasiology Conference (1996 : 26th : Newport, RI : June 1996)
Conference Date: June 1996
Location: Newport, R.I.
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Journal or Publication Title: Aphasiology
Volume: 11
Number: 4-5
Publication Location: London
ISSN: 1464-5041
URI: http://eprints-prod-05.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/1117

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